Before starting off with the principles of responsive web design, we must understand what responsive web design is? This web design involves designing website in a way that helps users experience the best, no matter what the screen size is. It is significantly different from all other techniques which are available in the market, such as creating and developing a website version for mobile as it directs the users to the same website rather than directing them to different website which is optimized for mobile devices.
Even Google advises users to prefer responsive web design for their websites as it helps in avoiding multiple websites with duplicate content and saves the resources. Over the last few years, responsive web design has changed significantly. By now, you must have understood that it is a technique that helps in building websites suitable for viewing on desktops, mobile devices and tablets.
Earlier, all websites were designed keeping in mind the screen resolution of laptop or desktop and it went well until the advent of tablets, Macs and mobile devices. With the evolving market, web designers started facing new challenges with infinite solutions. Since then, responsive web design has seen innumerable changes but the basic principles of responsive web design are as relevant as ever.
Related Read: Is Responsive Web Design Beneficial for SEO?
As we already told you, for multi-screen problem, responsive web design is one of the best solutions. But getting it started is quite difficult. Without getting in deeper, let’s mainly focus on embracing the fluid web.
Responsive v/s Adaptive
We are well aware about the responsive web design but what is adaptive web design? It particularly helps in progressive enhancement of a website and enriches visitors’ experience to the website. Though these both web designs look similar, actually they are not. Both of these quite complement each other; so none of them alone is right or wrong.
Responsive web design helps users in creating websites for all screen sizes and as the screen size becomes smaller, the content eventually takes space more towards the down in vertical direction which significantly pushes the content down. This is known as the flow. It might be little tricky for users who have experience in points and pixels, but remember using it makes a total sense.
There is no doubt that pixel density eventually varies according to the screen size. This explicates that there is a need for the units to be flexible to easily work anywhere. You can take relative unit, percentage which comes in handy while designing websites according to any screen size.
At the predefined points, breakpoints significantly help in changing the layout of the websites. It particularly depends on the content of the site and has to be used with caution as these might get messy sometimes.
These are some of the basic principles of responsive web design. If you are aware about few more then please share with us.